Ebrahim Raisi inaugurated as new Iran president
Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani to represent Pakistan at the inauguration ceremony
The inauguratino ceremony is under way.
Based on article 110 of the Iranian constitution, the endorsement of the presidents' decrees is among Supreme Leader duties, reported IRNA news agency.
The Late Founder of the Islamic Republic Imam Khomeini confirmed three presidents and Ayatollah Khamenei has confirmed four others so far. Raisi is the fourth president-elect, who is being confirmed by the Supreme Leader. The Leader himself was the last president, who was confirmed by late Imam Khomeini as president.
Speaking after the ceremony, Ebrahim Raisi, said that the June 18 presidential election was a symbol of religious democracy during which the Iranians showcased a glorious turnout.
The new president thanked the almighty God for His numerous mercies in particular the Iranian people's confidence and Leader's endorsement.
This kind of governance represents new version of governing by using religion along with world issues, science along with morals, justice along with progress, and dignity along with welfare, he said, noting that all should know that spirituality has been interrelated with the life of contemporary human-beings.
The religion can rule all aspects of human life and in one word, republic along with Islamic and independence along with freedom are interconnected, he argued.
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei said Iran is ready to take leaps towards progress. He said the country was in dire need for Jihadi, competent, wise and brave management which could mobilize the nation's potential, especially those of the young people, to help the country gain the position it deserves.
According to AFP, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei wrote in the decree read out by his chief of staff: "Following the people's choice, I task the wise, indefatigable, experienced and popular Hojatoleslam Ebrahim Raisi as president of the Islamic Republic of Iran,".
From the outset, Raisi will have to tackle negotiations aimed at reviving the nuclear deal from which the US unilaterally withdrew imposing sweeping sanctions.
The 60-year-old also faces the United States, Britain and Israel's warnings to Iran over a deadly tanker attack last week for which Tehran denies responsibility.
Raisi won a presidential election in June in which more than half the electorate stayed away after many political heavyweights were barred from standing.
A former judiciary chief, he has been criticised by the West for his human rights record.
Traffic limitations were in force on streets around the inauguration venue with domestic air travel to and from the capital banned for two hours, media reports said.
Tuesday's ceremony marked Raisi's formal accession to office. He will then be sworn in before parliament on Thursday when he is to submit his proposed government line-up.
- Economy top challenge -
Raisi's presidency will consolidate power in the hands of conservatives following their 2020 parliamentary election victory, marked by the disqualification of thousands of reformist or moderate candidates.
Last month, he called on parliament for "cooperation" to increase Iranians' hope in the future.
"I am very hopeful for the country's future and confident that it is possible to overcome difficulties and limitations," he said at the time.
Iran's economic woes, exacerbated by US sanctions, will be the new president's top challenge, said Clement Therme, a researcher at the European University Institute in Italy.
"His main objective will be to improve the economic situation by reinforcing the Islamic republic's economic relations with neighbouring countries" and others such as Russia and China, Therme said.
The 2015 deal saw Iran accept curbs on its nuclear capabilities in return for an easing of sanctions.
But then US president Donald Trump withdrew from the accord three years later and ramped up sanctions again, prompting Tehran to pull back from most of its nuclear commitments.
Trump's successor Joe Biden has signalled his readiness to return to the deal and engaged in indirect negotiations with Iran alongside formal talks with the accord's remaining parties -- Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia.
The US sanctions have choked Iran and its vital oil exports, and the economy contracted by more than six percent in both 2018 and 2019.
- US warns of 'appropriate response' -
In the winter of 2017-2018, and again in 2019, street protests sparked by the economic crisis rocked the country.
And last month, demonstrators in oil-rich Khuzestan province, which has been hit by drought, took to the streets to vent their anger.
On the foreign front, tensions have escalated after the United States and Britain joined Israel in blaming Tehran for a tanker attack off Oman last Thursday that killed a British security guard and a Romanian crew member.
The United States vowed an "appropriate response", while Iran warned Monday that it will respond to any "adventurism".
The economic malaise has been exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic, which has officially cost more than 90,000 lives and also hit many Iranians in the pocket.
In his final cabinet meeting on Sunday, Rouhani defended his track record but apologised over the "hardships" Iranians have had to endure.
After his election, Raisi made clear that his key foreign policy would be to improve ties with regional countries.
In mid-July, Rouhani said he hoped his successor can clinch a deal to lift US sanctions and conclude nuclear talks.
But Khamenei, whose word is final in policy matters, has warned against trusting the West.
Raisi has already said he will not hold talks simply for the sake of negotiations.
His government will only support talks that "guarantee national interests", the incoming president said.
Six rounds of nuclear talks between Iran and world powers were held in Vienna between April and June.
The last round concluded on June 20, and no date has been set for a resumption.