Mars rover Perseverance goes for a 'spin'
The six-wheeled rover travelled about 6.5 meters (21.3 feet) in 33 minutes on Thursday, NASA said.
It drove four meters forward, turned in place 150 degrees to the left, and then backed up 2.5 meters, leaving tire tracks in the Martian dust.
"This was our first chance to 'kick the tires' and take Perseverance out for a spin," said Anais Zarifian, Perseverance mobility test bed engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
This week I’ve been doing lots of health checkouts, getting ready to get to work. I’ve checked many tasks off my list, including instrument tests, imaging, and getting my arm moving. Warming up for a marathon of science. pic.twitter.com/A0aqhWVo5T— NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover (@NASAPersevere) March 3, 2021
Zarifian said the test drive went "incredibly well" and represented a "huge milestone for the mission and the mobility team."
"We're going to do some longer drives," she added. "This is just the beginning."
A slightly longer trip was planned for Friday, and perhaps another Saturday if all goes well, NASA said.
The rover can cover 200 meters per Martian day, which is slightly longer than a day on Earth.
And it goes five times faster than Curiosity, its predecessor, which is still functioning eight years after landing on Mars.
Hogg said the rover team was working out flight zones and hoped to conduct the first flight in late spring or early summer.
He said the mission had not experienced any major problems so far.
"It's all just minor stuff," he said. "Everything we've tried has worked beautifully."
The rover's primary mission will last just over two years but it is likely to remain operational well beyond that.
Over the coming years, Perseverance will attempt to collect 30 rock and soil samples in sealed tubes to be sent back to Earth sometime in the 2030s for analysis.
About the size of an SUV, the craft weighs a ton, is equipped with a seven-foot-long robotic arm, has 19 cameras, two microphones and a suite of cutting-edge instruments.
So far it has sent back more than 7,000 photographs, including one of a light brown rock that was used to test a device called SuperCam: an ultra-sophisticated French-made camera the size of a shoe box that can shoot a laser beam at rocks up to seven meters away to analyze their makeup.
The United States is preparing for an eventual human mission to the planet, though planning remains very preliminary.