US accuses China of intimidating foreign journalists
Australian journalists flee China under police threat
China's record of "threatening, harassing, and expelling US and other foreign journalists goes back decades", US State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said in a statement provided by the US Embassy in Beijing.
The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs recently informed the US embassy in Beijing of new curbs on foreign reporters "by denying them press card renewals and refusing to process pending visa applications for journalists who were expelled earlier this year," she said.
The Foreign Correspondents' Club of China (FCCC) on Monday confirmed the action, saying at least five journalists at four media groups -- including the Wall Street Journal, CNN and Bloomberg -- had been denied new press cards.
More are expected to receive similar treatment in coming weeks, placing further pressure on the already diminished foreign press corps.
Reporters are instead receiving letters that temporarily allow them to work using their expired press cards, but these "could be revoked at any time", the FCCC said.
Their dramatic escape came with relations between Beijing and Canberra at their lowest point in decades, over issues ranging from China's role in the coronavirus pandemic to trade and the pro-democracy movement in Hong Kong.
Bill Birtles and Michael Smith had secretly taken refuge at Australian diplomatic missions in China for several tense days until deals were struck to allow their safe return.
Landing in Sydney on Tuesday, Birtles -- Beijing correspondent for public broadcaster ABC -- recounted a "whirlwind" week of political manoeuvering, but said: "it's a relief to be back in a country with genuine rule of law."
Both Birtles and Smith -- Shanghai correspondent for the Australian Financial Review -- received simultaneous midnight police raids on their homes last week and a warning they would have to answer questions about a "national security case", their employers said.
Banned from leaving the country and fearful of interrogation and arrest, the journalists fled to their closest Australian diplomatic missions until an agreement brokered by the Australian government allowed them to answer police questions safely.
The pair flew out of Shanghai accompanied by Australian diplomats on Monday and arrived in Sydney early Tuesday.
- Crackdown -
Beijing's security services earlier this month detained another Australian journalist working for its state-run CGTN TV. Several reporters for US media have had their visas revoked and been forced to leave the country.
State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said Tuesday that China was "threatening, harassing, and expelling US and other foreign journalists" after Beijing refused to renew press credentials for several employees of US media organisations.
The Australian Financial Review's editors insisted the two Australian journalists "were going about their normal reporting duties" and described the incident as "regrettable and disturbing" and "not in the interests of a co-operative relationship between Australia and China".
James Curran, an Australian former intelligence analyst and prime ministerial adviser, told AFP the media crackdown and the fact no major Australian media were now represented in China would only narrow public understanding.
"The lens through which we are going to get a picture of this country is going to become increasingly shrouded, if not blocked altogether," he said.
Curran said the problems stem from Xi's pursuit "a very aggressive form of Chinese exceptionalism", with nationalism increasingly being used as "the glue holding the country together".
"They just seem to be taking the view that as a rising power they should be able to flex their strategic, ideological and rhetorical muscle, and that other countries are just going to have to put up with it."
Beijing was particularly infuriated by Australia's leading role in international calls earlier this year for an investigation into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic, which began in the Chinese city of Wuhan.
Since then, China has taken steps to curb key Australian imports and encouraged Chinese students and tourists to avoid the country.
The lucrative trade in Australian iron ore, which is vital to both economies, has so far emerged unscathed.
Cheng is the second high-profile Australian citizen to be detained in Beijing after writer Yang Hengjun was arrested in January 2019 on suspicion of espionage.