US now urges global pressure for deal to end Afghan conflict

By: AFP      Published: 07:35 AM, 10 Jul, 2021
US now urges global pressure for deal to end Afghan conflict
US Secretary of Defence Lloyd Austin welcomes French Minister of the Armed Forced Florence Parly to the Pentagon during an honour cordon ceremony. Parlay tweeted that she is meeting with Austin about issues of terrorism, cybersecurity and space.–AFP

US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin has called for international pressure to force a deal between the Kabul government and the Taliban to end the conflict in Afghanistan.

"The security situation in Afghanistan only argues more for international pressure to have a negotiated political settlement to end this conflict, and give the Afghan people (the) government they want and they deserve," Austin said in a tweet. "The entire world can help by continuing this push."

Austin made the call a day after US President Joe Biden announced that the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, after nearly two decades of war, would be completed by August 31.

Pakistan holds the ‘key’

The Pentagon chief did not specify which countries he was urging to help secure a settlement, after a year of fruitless talks in Doha between the two sides.

But Pakistan is widely believed to have significant influence over the insurgents.

And on Wednesday an Afghan government delegation met with Taliban representatives in Tehran, hosted by Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

"Today the people and political leaders of Afghanistan must make difficult decisions for the future of their country," Zarif said.

Zarif appealed to the warring parties in Afghanistan to return to the negotiating table, calling "commitment to political solutions the best choice for Afghanistan's leaders and political movements."

Taliban on the roll

Austin's call comes as the Taliban insurgents, who were ousted from power in 2001 by the US-led invasion, have steadily gained ground against government forces in a tough offensive that has picked up pace as the US pullout nears completion.

Earlier Friday, they claimed that they had control of 85 percent of the country after seizing key border crossings with Iran and Turkmenistan.

The claim was disputed by the government, saying they have forced the insurgents from the northwestern provincial capital of Qala-i-Naw, the scene of tough fighting this week.

Hours after President Biden issued a staunch defence of the US withdrawal, the Taliban said its fighters had seized the two crossings in western Afghanistan -- completing an arc of territory from the Iranian border to the frontier with China.

In Moscow, a delegation of Taliban officials said they controlled about 250 of Afghanistan's nearly 400 districts -- a claim impossible to independently verify, and disputed by the government.

Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid separately told AFP their fighters had captured the border town of Islam Qala on the Iranian frontier and the Torghundi crossing with Turkmenistan.

Afghanistan's interior ministry spokesman Tareq Arian said efforts were under way to dislodge the insurgents from their latest positions.

The Afghan government has repeatedly dismissed the Taliban's gains as having little strategic value, but the seizure of multiple border crossings along with mineral-rich areas will likely fill the group's coffers with several sources of new revenue.

Biden says status quo not an option

Hours earlier, Biden said the US military mission would end on August 31 -- nearly 20 years after it began -- having "achieved" its goals.

But he admitted it was "highly unlikely" Kabul would be able to control the entire country.

"The status quo is not an option," Biden said of staying in the country. "I will not send another generation of Americans to war in Afghanistan."

With the Taliban having routed much of northern Afghanistan in recent weeks, the government holds little more than a constellation of provincial capitals that must largely be reinforced and resupplied by air.

The air force was under severe strain even before the Taliban's lightning offensive overwhelmed the government's northern and western positions, putting further pressure on the country's limited aircraft and pilots.

Biden said the Afghan people alone should determine their future, but he acknowledged the uncertainty about what that would look like.

Asked if a Taliban takeover was inevitable, the president said: "No, it is not."

But, he admitted, "the likelihood there is going to be one unified government in Afghanistan controlling the whole country is highly unlikely".

- US exit 'positive step' -

The Taliban, for their part, welcomed Biden's statement.

"Any day or hour that US and foreign troops leave earlier is a positive step," spokesman Suhail Shaheen told AFP.

Ghani admits difficulties lay ahead

Afghan commandos clashed with the insurgents this week in a provincial capital, with thousands of people fleeing Qala-i-Naw in northwest Badghis province.

On Friday the Afghan defence ministry said government forces had "full control" of the city.

Hours later a group of Taliban fighters attacked a prison on the edge of Kandahar city, the capital of their former bastion of Kandahar province.

President Ashraf Ghani said the government could handle the situation, but admitted difficulties lay ahead.

"What we are witnessing is one of the most complicated stages of the transition," he said in a speech in Kabul on Thursday.

Ismail Khan, a veteran warlord whose militia helped US forces topple the Taliban in 2001, vowed to back government forces in fighting against the insurgents.

"We will soon go to the front lines and with the help of God change the situation," Khan told reporters in the western city of Herat.

The Taliban have been emboldened by the troop withdrawal and -- with peace talks in Doha deadlocked -- appear to be pressing for a full military victory.

Still, on Thursday, Shaheen, who is also a member of the Taliban negotiating team, insisted the insurgents were seeking a "negotiated settlement".