Nuclear sabre-rattling: other times when war threatened

By: AFP
Published: 01:45 PM, 28 Feb, 2022
Nuclear sabre-rattling: other times when war threatened
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With President Vladimir Putin putting Russia's vast nuclear arsenal -- the world's largest -- on alert, we look back on other moments the threat of atomic war loomed.

1962: Cuban missile crisis

In October 1962, at the heart of the Cold War, a 13-day showdown between Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and US president John F. Kennedy leads to fears of nuclear war.

On October 14, US reconnaissance aircraft photograph Soviet intermediate-range missile launch pads on Cuba, just 145 kilometres (90 miles) from the US.

Unwilling to allow the Soviets to position their nuclear arsenal so close to the US, Kennedy warns Khrushchev he will attack the Soviet Union if it does not withdraw the missiles, and orders a naval blockade of Cuba, mobilising 140,000 troops.

Khrushchev agrees to withdraw the missiles in return for Washington promising not to invade Cuba and taking its Jupiter missiles out of Turkey.

2001-2002: India-Pakistan nuclear crisis  

In May 2002, India and Pakistan, at odds over the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir since their partition in 1947, go to the brink.

India blames Islamists from Pakistan for a suicide attack against the parliament in New Delhi on December 13, 2001, which left 14 dead.

The two countries, which became nuclear powers in 1998, mobilise a million soldiers on the border.

In April 2002, Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf says he would use nuclear weapons if threatened with destruction by an attack from India.

India's defence minister George Fernandes says "India can survive a nuclear attack, but Pakistan cannot."

For the next two years New Delhi and Islamabad carry out tit-for-tat missile tests, but there is then a de-escalation under pressure from Washington.

A ceasefire in November 2003 is followed by dialogue in January 2004.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The US is the only country to have used nuclear weapons. The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 killed 214,000 people and led to the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II.

Categories : Ukraine War, World
AFP

Agence France-Presse is an international news agency.