Journalists Maria Ressa, Dmitry Muratov win Nobel Peace Prize
Combo shows Maria Ressa (L), co-founder and CEO of the Philippines-based news website Rappler, speaking at the Human Rights Press Awards at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Hong Kong and Dmitry Muratov, editor-in-Chief of Russia's main opposition newspaper Novaya Gazeta.–AFP
The pair were honoured "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace," said the chairwoman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Berit Reiss-Andersen.
"They are representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions," she said.
Ressa, 58, told Norwegian TV2 she was "shocked" and "emotional" to receive the honour, which she said would give her and her colleagues "tremendous energy to continue the fight."
In 2012, Ressa co-founded Rappler, a digital media company for investigative journalism, which she still heads, while Muratov is one of the founders of the independent newspaper Novaya Gazeta.
Rappler has "focused critical attention on the Duterte regime's controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign," Reiss-Andersen said.
"The number of deaths is so high that the campaign resembles a war waged against the country's own population," Reiss-Andersen said.
Ressa and Rappler have also documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate public discourse.
Ressa, a former CNN correspondent who also holds US citizenship, is currently on bail pending an appeal against a conviction last year in a cyber libel case, for which she faces up to six years in prison.
Muratov, 59, has defended freedom of speech in Russia for decades, under increasingly challenging conditions.
In 1993, he was a founder of Novaya Gazeta, which has a "fundamentally critical attitude towards power" the committee said. He has been its editor-in-chief since 1995.
- 'Killings and threats ' -
Novaya Gazeta's opponents have responded with harassment, threats, violence and murder.
Since the newspaper's start, six of its journalists have been killed, including Anna Politkovskaya who wrote revealing articles on the war in Chechnya.
"Despite the killings and threats, editor-in-chief Muratov has refused to abandon the newspaper's independent policy," Reiss-Andersen said.
"He has consistently defended the right of journalists to write anything they want about whatever they want, as long as they comply with the professional and ethical standards of journalism."
Free, independent and fact-based journalism helps protect against abuse of power, lies and war propaganda, Reiss-Andersen said.
"Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it will be difficult to successfully promote fraternity between nations, disarmament and a better world order to succeed in our time," Reiss-Andersen said.
Media watchdogs had been tipped as contenders for the prestigious prize ahead of Friday's announcement.
Last year, the honour went to the UN's humanitarian agency fighting famine, the World Food Programme (WFP).
The award's image has been hit hard over the past years as one of its previous laureates, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, became embroiled in a war.
Another, Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi, was accused of defending the massacre of members of the Rohingya minority.
The prize -- consisting of a diploma, a gold medal and a cheque for 10 million kronor (980,000 euros, $1.1 million) -- is traditionally awarded on December 10, the anniversary of the 1896 death of prize creator Alfred Nobel.
The Peace Prize is the only Nobel to be awarded in the Norwegian capital.
However, it is not yet known whether Ressa and Muratov will be able to travel to Oslo to pick up the award, due to the pandemic.
The Nobel Institute in Oslo is due to decide in the coming days whether to hold its ceremony online or in person.
Next week, the Nobel season wraps up on Monday with the announcement of the Economics Prize.
Kremlin congratulates 'courageous' Muratov
The Kremlin on Friday congratulated Dmitry Muratov, chief editor of Russia's top independent newspaper Novaya Gazeta, after he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to protect freedom of expression.
"We congratulate him," President Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters. "He is talented. He is courageous," said.
"He is committed to his ideals," Peskov added.
Muratov, 59, is one of Russia's most respected journalists. Since 1995 he has served several times as Novaya Gazeta's editor-in-chief.
Co-founded by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993, Novaya Gazeta is one of the few media outlets left voicing criticism of President Vladimir Putin.
Since 2000, six of the newspaper's journalists and contributors have been killed in connection with their work, including investigative journalist Anna Politkovskaya, the most prominent among them.
On Thursday, Muratov presided over ceremonies at the newspaper's editorial offices to honour Politkovskaya, who was killed 15 years ago.
Politkovskaya, a fierce critic of Putin and the Kremlin's wars in Chechnya, was shot dead on October 7, 2006, in the entrance hall of her apartment block in central Moscow. She was 48 years old.
'Call for mobilisation'
Reporters Without Borders on Friday called the Nobel committee's decision to award its Peace Prize to two embattled journalists "a call for mobilisation".
"This is a call for mobilisation to defend journalism," said Christophe Deloire, secretary general of the advocacy group known by its French initials RSF.
The award sparked a sense of both "joy and urgency", he told reporters.
"Joy because this is an extraordinary tribute to journalism. This is an excellent tribute to two incredible figures, Maria and Dmitry," he said.
But there is also a feeling of urgency, he said, because "journalism is in danger, journalism is weakened, journalism is threatened... all over the world".