Global Peace Index shows Pakistan, India, America among most violent countries
Pakistan, India and the United States are placed among the most violent countries in the world after Afghanistan in the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2021 released by a subordinate organization of an international think tank, the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP).
Global Peace Index (GPI) 2021 produced by the IEP’s subordinate organization, Vision of Humanity released its report on the ranking of 161 peaceful countries.
The index showed Pakistan on 150th number, Afghanistan on 163th, India on 135th, the USA on 122nd, China on 100rd and UK on 33rd while Iceland, Denmark, New Zealand and Norway are declared most peaceful countries in the world respectively.
Ranking of Pakistan
Anyhow, the report said that the largest improvement in peacefulness in South Asia occurred in Pakistan, which experienced a 1.9 per cent improvement in overall score on the 2021 GPI. This was driven by improvements for the Ongoing Conflict and Safety and Security domains.
The report said Pakistan was one of the few countries to record an improvement on the violent demonstrations indicator, although the overall risk of future civil unrest remains relatively high. Pakistan also recorded improvements in its homicide rate, terrorism impact, refugees and IDPs and perceptions of criminality indicators.
Ranking of Afghanistan
About other South Asian countries like Afghanistan, the report said Afghanistan remained the least peaceful country in the region and the world on the 2021 GPI, a position it has held for the past four years. However, it did record an improvement in peacefulness over the past year. The total number of deaths from internal conflict and terrorism impact have continued to fall, and the homicide rate has also fallen in the past few years. However, Afghanistan still has a higher terrorism impact than any other country in the world.
Ranking of India
About India, the report said India is the most populous country in the region and is ranked 150th on the 2021 GPI. The country experienced a slight improvement of 0.7 per cent in overall peacefulness over the past year, driven by an improvement in the Ongoing Conflict domain.
Method of ranking
The GPI-2021 is made up of 23 quantitative and qualitative indicators each weighted on a scale of 1-5 and the lower the score showed more peaceful the country is.
The report presented the most comprehensive data-driven analysis to date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
The GPI-2021 covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains including the level of Societal Safety and Security, the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict, and the degree of Militarisation.
The report said that in 2021’s results show that the average level of global peacefulness deteriorated by 0.07 per cent.
The 2021 GPI reveals a world in which the conflicts and crises that emerged in the past decade have begun to abate, only to be replaced with a new wave of tension and uncertainty as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and rising tensions between many of the major powers.
In the report, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region remained the world’s least peaceful region while Europe remained the most peaceful region in the world.
The report said that one in seven people globally cite crime, violence or terrorism as the greatest risk to their safety in their daily lives and only road accidents are cited as a bigger risk.
Over 50 per cent of people in Afghanistan, Brazil, South Africa, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic see violence as the greatest risk they face in their daily lives.
South America had the worst result of any region with over 50 per cent of people surveyed feeling less safe now than five years ago.
There was an increase in military expenditure as a percentage of GDP for the second straight year, with 105 countries deteriorating on this indicator, exacerbated in part by falling economic activity resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
The pandemic had a significant impact on levels of conflict and violence. The level of civil unrest rose in 2020, fueled in large part by responses to coronavirus restrictions. Over 5,000 pandemic-related violent events were recorded between January 2020 and April 2021.
The organization estimated the economic impact of violence by aggregating the costs related to violence, armed conflict and spending on military and internal security services. The GPI is the initial point of reference for developing the estimates.
About the Think Tank
The Institute for Economics and Peace founded in 2007 is headquartered in Sydney with offices in 6 countries, and its research achieves are over 20 billion media impressions across 150 countries each year.
Its research is used extensively by governments, academic institutions, think tanks, non governmental organisations and by intergovernmental institutions such as the OECD, The Commonwealth Secretariat, the World Bank and the United Nations.
About the Vision of Humanity
It was founded in 2008 and is powered by research, data and analysis by the world-renowned think tank, the IEP. It has offices in Sydney, New York, Brussels, The Hague, Mexico City and Harare. The Institute produces a suite of digital products and research brands.