Taliban warn US, EU of refugees if Afghan sanctions continue
October 13, 2021 08:23 PM
Afghanistan's new Taliban government has warned US and European envoys that continued attempts to pressure them through sanctions will undermine security and could trigger a wave of economic refugees.
Acting foreign minister Amir Khan Muttaqi told Western diplomats at talks in Doha that "weakening the Afghan government is not in the interest of anyone because its negative effects will directly affect the world in (the) security sector and economic migration from the country", according to a statement published late Tuesday.
The Taliban overthrew Afghanistan's former US-backed government in August after a two-decade-long conflict, and have declared an Islamic emirate governed under the movement's hardline interpretation of religious law.
But efforts to stabilise the country, still facing attacks from the Taliban's rival, the extremist group the Islamic State-Khorasan, have been undermined by international sanctions: banks are running out of cash and civil servants are going unpaid.
According to the statement from his spokesman, Muttaqi told the Doha meeting: "We urge world countries to end existing sanctions and let banks operate normally so that charity groups, organisations and the government can pay salaries to their staff with their own reserves and international financial assistance."
European nations in particular are concerned that if the Afghan economy collapses, large numbers of migrants will set off for the continent, piling pressure on neighbouring states such as Pakistan and Iran and eventually on EU borders.
Washington and the EU have said they are ready to back humanitarian initiatives in Afghanistan, but are wary of providing direct support to the Taliban without guarantees it will respect human rights, in particular those of women.
The European Union has pledge one billion euros in aid, but European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stressed that it would be used to help Afghanistan's neighbours or given in "direct support" to the Afghan people, bypassing the Taliban government.
"We have been clear about our conditions for any engagement with the Afghan authorities, including on the respect of human rights," she said on Tuesday.
The Taliban insist they pose no threat to civilian rights, and have urged government workers including some women to return to their professions, while swearing to defeat IS-K and return Afghanistan to stability.
But girls were not allowed back into high schools when the new term started just under a month ago, and many women have complained of being forced out of professional and public roles like journalism.
Some high school girls' classes have resumed in the northern cities of Kunduz and Mazar-i-Sharif, but in the capital and the Taliban's southern heartland they are still excluded.
Fear and despair
And in the west, around Herat, harsh punishments for alleged criminals have resumed, recalling the brutal previous era of Taliban rule before they were overthrown in the 2001 US-led intervention.
On at least two occasions dead suspects were hung publicly from cranes in Herat, and on Tuesday an alleged thief was flogged in the street in the Obe district near the city.
Witnesses described how Taliban officials invited male residents to attend the whipping.
"I was in fear and despair. Everyone was in fear and despair. I was feeling the pain when they were being flogged," a medical doctor aged around 40 told AFP on condition of anonymity.
"Even now, I do not want to remember that scene," he said, adding he was so unsettled that he wants to quit his job and leave the neighbourhood.
Residents said that when the flogging was announced, they felt they had to attend for fear of reprisals if they were seen to shun it.