Afghan pomegranate pickers jobless as fruits rot at Pakistan border
Afghanistan's festive pomegranate season has begun, but this year thousands of tonnes of the juicy red fruit risk rotting on trucks blocked at Pakistan's frequently shuttered border -- leaving thousands of farmworkers unemployed.
With its tart and crunchy, ruby-red seeds locked inside a leathery red rind, the pomegranate is renowned for its health benefits, and is one of the most important crops in the country's south.
But the fruit is ripening as Afghanistan finds itself engulfed in a multitude of crises that have metastasised since the Taliban seized control two months ago.
"We have 15,000 farm workers in this region who have been laid off because the trade has been paralysed and the fruit is rotting," Haji Nani Agha, who heads the Fresh Fruits Union in Kandahar, told AFP.
But there their voyage comes to a halt.
Islamabad has cut sales tax on imported fruits to zero in a bid to boost trade from its neighbour, but also tightened controls on ordinary Afghans trying to cross over, fearing illegal entries.
Exporters hoping to sell their wares have found themselves stuck for days and even weeks in scorching heat.
Usually, between 40,000 and 50,000 tonnes are exported across this border to Pakistan, and also on to India and the Gulf states each year.
But so far, only 4,490 tonnes have left the country, according to Abdul Baqi Beena of the Chamber of Commerce in the southern city of Kandahar.
"These products are waiting to be sold, but the more they are delayed, the more their quality deteriorates and the more their sale value plummets," he said.
Even before the dramatic power shift, Afghanistan's agriculture sector had been hard-hit by drought and intense fighting in a number of provinces.
For years, the previous Western-backed Afghan governments and international donors tried to convince farmers to give up farming poppies for illegal opium production and instead grow fruit -- such as pomegranates.