US warns of virus scapegoating in India, Pakistan
"In India, we've seen reports of unfortunate COVID-related rhetoric and harassment, particularly against the Muslim community, exacerbated by fake news reports -- misinformation -- being shared via social media," he told reporters.
He did not blame the government, saying he was "encouraged" by public statements, including a call by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for unity.
Fact-checkers by AFP have debunked hundreds of social media posts in India that targeted Muslims, including dubious videos that showed members of the minority licking fruit for sale.
Hundreds of thousands of online posts have used the hashtag #CoronaJihad, some of which have been shared by members of Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.
The US Commission on International Religious Freedom, which advises but does not set government policy, last month said that India should be put on a blacklist due to its "dramatic" downturn in religious freedom under Modi.
New Delhi sharply rejected the criticism and it is highly unlikely that the State Department would act against India, an increasingly close ally of the United States.
"I really think they missed an opportunity by pulling off the Ahmadis that was nominated to be on it," Brownback said. "I think their wilting to the public pressure really sends a bad signal," he said.
Referring to the pandemic, Brownback said: "People are tense anyway, and then they look for a scapegoat, and then unfortunately you get somebody that gives them one and you're off at the races."
Pakistan legally declares Ahmadis to be non-Muslims.