France furious over US-UK nuclear deal for Australia
US tries to reassure livid Paris after Canberra scraps submarine deal
(From left) Australian Minister of Defence Peter Dutton, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, and US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin attend a news conference at the State Department in Washington.–AFP
France called off a gala at its ambassador's house in Washington scheduled for Friday, its US embassy said, following a new defence alliance that resulted in the US supplying Australia with submarines instead of France.
The event was supposed to celebrate the anniversary of a decisive naval battle in the American Revolution, in which France played a key role. However the occasion "has been made more sober," the embassy said, adding that the ambassador's event "has been cancelled."
President Joe Biden on Wednesday unveiled a new three-way alliance among the United States, Australia and Britain that features the submarines -- a key asset to challenge an increasingly assertive China in the decades to come.
China voiced anger -- as did France, which called off the Washington gala to celebrate America's oldest alliance and accused Biden, in whom it placed high hopes, of being no different than his "America First" predecessor Donald Trump.
Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said he was "very angry" over the loss of what he once called "the contract of the century," which was worth Aus$50 billion (31 billion euros, $36.5 billion) when signed in 2016. "This unilateral, sudden and unforeseeable decision very much recalls what Mr Trump would do," Le Drian told France Info radio.
Meeting in Washington with his Australian counterpart, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, a fluent French speaker who had prioritized building ties with Europe, said he considered France "a vital partner" and saw no "regional divide" between Atlantic and Pacific allies.
"We want to find every opportunity now to deepen transatlantic cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and around the world," Blinken told reporters.
He said that the United States has been in contact with France over "the last 24-48 hours" to discuss the row.
A French embassy spokesman, however, said that contact came only after news had begun to leak in the press.
The embassy said it was scaling back commemorations Friday of France's role in a decisive American Revolution naval battle, with a gala at the ambassador's residence cancelled.
- Australian choice -
Despite the French anger, the submarine contract had been proving increasingly contentious in Australia in part due to cost overruns.
Australian Defence Minister Peter Dutton, speaking in Washington, said that the country's existing submarines would only provide an edge into the 2040s and that military chiefs recommended switching to nuclear-powered versions. "In the end the decision that we have made is based on what is in the best interest of our national security," Dutton said, calling France's offer "not superior" to the nuclear submarines operated by the United States and Britain.
Australia has come under intense diplomatic and commercial pressure from China, the key market for its agricultural and mineral exports, over its close alliance with the United States.
China accused the United States of setting off an arms race. At the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, China's envoy Wang Qun called the three-way move a "sheer act of nuclear proliferation," according to state news agency Xinhua.
- Eye on China -
In another move seen as showing a united front against China, Morrison will travel next week to Washington for the first in-person four-way "Quad" summit with US, Japanese and Indian leaders.
Last month he controversially withdrew the remaining troops from Afghanistan after 20 years, calling the war a distraction from the bigger picture.
France, like the United States, is a Pacific power with the overseas territories of New Caledonia and French Polynesia where some 7,000 troops are based.
French Defense Minister Florence Parly said that Australia's about-face demonstrated the growing need for Europeans to bolster their own "strategic autonomy."
"In terms of geopolitics and international relations, it's serious," she told RFI radio.
- Australia eyes missile work -
Australia said Thursday that more US troops will rotate through the island nation and that the allies will cooperate on missile development, the latest joint steps amid shared concerns over a rising China.
Australia announced a three-way alliance with the United States and Britain in which Canberra will acquire nuclear-powered submarines, enraging France whose own major contract for conventional submarines was scrapped.
Outlining further measures on a visit to Washington, Defense Minister Peter Dutton said Australia will be "significantly enhancing" cooperation including working together on the development of missiles and explosive ordnance.
He said Australia was willing to see more US Marines in a decade-old rotation through the northern city of Darwin. "I do have an aspiration to make sure that we can increase the numbers of troops through the rotations," Dutton said.
"The air capability will be enhanced, our maritime capability enhanced and certainly the force posture enhanced."
Prime Minister Scott Morrison earlier had said that Australia would acquire long-range Tomahawk cruise missiles.
Austin said the two allies discussed concerns about China in the four-way meeting involving Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Foreign Minister Marise Payne.
"While we seek a constructive, results-oriented relationship with the PRC, we will remain clear-eyed in our view of Beijing's efforts to undermine the established international order," Austin said.
President Joe Biden has cited the need to focus on China as he controversially withdrew the final US troops from Afghanistan last month.
In another sign to China, Morrison will head to Washington next week for a first in-person four-way summit with Biden, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga.
Dutton also pointed to Indonesia, Vietnam and South Korea as partners for Australia in the region.
"They understand the values that we adhere to and that we've been consistently adhered to for a long period of time," he said.