New Zealander weightlifter selected as first transgender Olympian
This file photo taken on April 9, 2018 shows New Zealand's Laurel Hubbard competing during the women's +90kg weightlifting final at the 2018 Gold Coast Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast. AFP
New Zealand weightlifter Laurel Hubbard was selected as the first transgender Olympic athlete Monday after Kiwi officials made a groundbreaking call on "a highly sensitive and complex issue".
New Zealand Olympic Committee chief Kereyn Smith said Hubbard, 43 -- who was born male but transitioned to female in her 30s -- met all the qualification criteria for transgender athletes.
"We acknowledge that gender identity in sport is a highly sensitive and complex issue requiring a balance between human rights and fairness on the field of play," Smith said in a statement.
"As the New Zealand team, we have a strong culture of manaaki (caring) and inclusion and respect for all."
Hubbard, who also competed as a male, became eligible to lift as a woman after showing testosterone levels below the threshold required by the International Olympic Committee.
She will contest the women's +87kg category in Tokyo, an event in which she is currently ranked 16th in the world.
Olympic Weightlifting New Zealand president Richie Patterson said Hubbard has worked hard to come back from a potentially career-ending elbow injury suffered at the 2018 Commonwealth Games.
"Laurel has shown grit and perseverance in her return from a significant injury and overcoming the challenges in building back confidence on the competition platform," he said.
However, support for Hubbard's selection is not unanimous, with former teammate Tracey Lambrechs saying last month that the concerns of female-born weightlifters were being ignored.
"I've had female weightlifters come up to me and say 'This isn't fair, what can we do?'," she told broadcaster TVNZ.
"Unfortunately there's nothing we can do because every time we voice it (concerns) we get told to be quiet."
'Keep an open mind'
IOC rules state a trans woman can compete provided her testosterone levels are below 10 nanomoles per litre, a criteria Hubbard meets.
But critics say she has numerous physical advantages from growing up male that make her presence in the competition unfair for female-born athletes.
Hubbard, an intensely private person who avoids the media, did not address the gender issue in remarks released by the NZOC.
She thanked the community for supporting her return from injury.
"I am grateful and humbled by the kindness and support that has been given to me by so many New Zealanders... your support, your encouragement, and your aroha (love) carried me through the darkness," she said.
US transgender BMX rider Chelsea Wolfe also has an outside chance of competing at the Games after being named as an alternate in the American team, meaning she will travel to Tokyo but only participate if a teammate is forced to withdraw.
But it is Hubbard who has become an unwitting lightning rod for the sometimes vitriolic discussion on transgender participation in sport.
Donald Trump Jr. had labelled the prospect of Hubbard being selected "ridiculous", while British television presenter Piers Morgan railed against women's rights being "destroyed on the altar of political correctness".
In a rare interview in 2017, Hubbard spoke about learning to block out criticism and "keep on pushing" as an athlete.
"I'm mindful I won't be supported by everyone but I hope that people can keep an open mind and perhaps look at my performance in a broader context," she told stuff.co.nz.