India comes under fire at Kashmir seminar at House of Lords
Speakers at Kashmir seminar at House of Lords condemn Indian atrocities, term rights violations an international issue
Baroness Helena Kennedy QC, director of the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute, hosted the seminar. Baroness Kennedy opened the floor with her introductory remarks for deliberations by the guest speakers who were invited to share their thoughts. Parliamentary Secretary on Law and Justice Barrister Maleeka Bukhari, British Parliamentarians Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, Lord Qurban Hussain, MP Steve Baker, MP Mark Eastwood, MP Imran Hussain and Schona Jolly QC shared their concerns about the prevailing humanitarian crisis in occupied Kashmir.
Pakistan’s High Commissioner to UK Nafees Zakaria took the floor to brief the audience on the issue of Kashmir, the human rights violations and atrocities continuing for last seven decades, the security threat to the regional peace and stability that the dispute of Kashmir poses and the situation at the Line of Control (LoC).
Zakaria said Kashmir was an internationally-recognised dispute with unimplemented UN Security Council resolutions on it. He invited attention of the international community to the plight of Kashmiri people living under crippling restrictions and military siege since Aug 5, 2019. He said blackout of media, internet and other means of communication by the Indian government is making it impossible for the outside world to know the extent of loss of human lives due to shortages of food and medicines.
Zakaria urged the audience to read the documented accounts of human rights abuses by the organisations of international repute and INGOs such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, IPTK, Association of Disappeared Persons (APDP), etc. He cited a Muslim Women’s Forum report as saying that around 13,000 Kashmiri youth had been arrested since August 5, 2019 and their welfare and whereabouts were unknown. Similarly, he cited International People’s Tribunal Report entitled, “Buried Evidence” on unnamed and unmarked mass graves.
The high commissioner apprised the audience of continuous ceasefire violations by Indian forces resulting in deaths and injuries of civilians in AJK and risks to the regional security and beyond. He invited the attention of the audience towards systematic demographic change that India was bringing to the Jammu and Kashmir territories under its occupation. The High Commissioner highlighted that in addition to perpetual genocide, mass killings and enforced expulsions, India has taken a number of measures to change the demography which the international community should take notice of.
Barrister Maleeka Bukhari said that systematic abuse of rights of the Kashmiris for the last seven decades is not an internal matter of India but it is in contravention of the international law as well as Indian constitution. She termed Kashmir to be the largest open air prison on the earth. Maleeka said Indian occupation forces are committing the worst sexual violence in occupied Kashmir. She stressed the need to send independent observers to occupied Kashmir. She called upon the UK Government to take a stand on the basis of principles and urge India to stop human rights abuses in Kashmir.
Condemning the Indian atrocities in the occupied territory, the speakers said human rights abuses were not an internal issue; rather it is an international issue, and therefore, the UN and international community must play their role to end the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Jammu & Kashmir territories under Indian siege. They also underlined the need to send a fact finding mission to occupied Kashmir.
Speaking about documented accounts of mass blindings by use of pellet guns, mass rapes, mass graves and other manifestations of the collective punishment of the Kashmiris, the speakers said Indian actions in occupied Kashmir remind of the strategy of the World War-II.
They maintained that being a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), India cannot do arbitrary detentions. They said it is deplorable that due to the ongoing siege, the courts are not working and cases of habeas corpus cannot be pursued. This adds to sufferings of the detainees and their families. It was said that at the international level the UN has issued serious statements to show concern on impunity enjoyed by the Indian occupation forces. It was noted that the UN Human Rights Commissioner asked India for unconditional access to Kashmir and an inquiry into human rights abuses, which India is still denying. At the domestic level, lawyers took the case of Kashmir to the Supreme Court of India, but the Supreme Court slowed down the case and the judgement on the internet shutdown was deeply disturbing, it was expressed.
Most of the speakers said the British Parliament needs to widen the agenda and discuss Kashmir as what is happening there is totally intolerable. They said religious nationalism in India is alarming. Referring to the large number of Kashmiris in the UK and their anguish in the wake of India’s illegal unilateral measures since August 5, 2019, they said UK’s foreign policy has not been responsive to the issues of the Diaspora population.
The speakers noted that it is important to preserve human rights until political disputes are resolved. They rejected Indian justification for violation of human rights and atrocities like disappearances, extrajudicial killings and sexual violence by terming the Kashmir dispute an internal matter. They also said the UK has the responsibility towards resolution of the Kashmir dispute. The participants in the event unanimously agreed that the issue of human rights violations in IOK would be raised on all available forums and with human rights bodies.
Later, the Parliamentary Secretary and the High Commissioner held a press briefing to inform the media about the event and the outcome at the High Commission on January 22.