Texas halts reopening as US virus cases soar
A healthcare worker administers a Covid-19 test at United Memorial Medical Center testing site in Houston, Texas.–AFP
Twenty-nine states are now experiencing new surges, with more than 37,667 new cases recorded Thursday, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) -- a level approaching a new record -- with 692 new deaths reported.
In a likely sign of the situation's seriousness, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the White House coronavirus task force would give a press conference Friday at the Department of Health and Human Services, the first of its kind in almost two months.
Texas was among the most aggressive states in reopening in early June after months of lockdown, its leadership confident it had escaped the worst of the pandemic that has claimed almost 122,000 lives in the US, by far the highest number in the world.
"The State of Texas will pause any further phases to open Texas as the state responds to the recent increase in positive COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations," Governor Greg Abbott's office announced in a statement.
"The last thing we want to do as a state is go backwards and close down businesses. This temporary pause will help our state corral the spread," Abbott said, asking residents to wear masks and respect social distancing guidelines.
There were 47 new coronavirus deaths in the state Thursday, still lower than some days in April and May.
Abbott is an ally of Donald Trump, but his latest announcement was in stark contrast to the president, who has tried to signal that the virus crisis is largely over.
In fact, the CDC now estimates that the 2.4 million recorded US cases may represent only a tenth of the total number of people who have been infected at some point, according to estimates from nationally representative antibody surveys.
It "looks like it's somewhere between five and eight percent of the American public" that has antibodies, said CDC director Robert Redfield, a range of between 16.5 and 26.4 million people.
Three northeastern states that made significant progress beating back the pandemic -- New York, New Jersey and Connecticut -- on Wednesday urged visitors arriving from US hotspots such as Texas, Florida and Alabama to quarantine themselves.
Several states in the South and West are suffering what White House advisor and top infectious disease expert Anthony Fauci described as "disturbing" new surges in infections.
- Politicization of masks -
Experts blame a patchwork of responses at the official level, the politicization of masks and physical distancing, and the widespread onset of complacency.
Unlike Europe and parts of East Asia, the United States never climbed down from its peak, and is still in the midst of its first wave.
Wearing a mask and maintaining an appropriate physical distance are urged in federal guidelines, but that hasn't been made mandatory in many of the regions now seeing surges.
On the other hand, in cities like the capital Washington, mask-wearing is the norm, with people voluntarily wearing them outside too, especially in places where it is hard to maintain distance at all times.
These differences reflect the country's polarized politics, with many Republicans casting face coverings as an assault on their liberty and a liberal conspiracy to stoke fear.
Leading the charge is Trump, who last week held a campaign rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma against the advice of top health officials and now plans to travel to New Jersey to visit a golf club he owns, overriding a quarantine order that asks outsiders to self-isolate for two weeks upon arrival.
- Pregnancy warning -
The CDC, meanwhile, has also revised its list of conditions that might increase a person's susceptibility to the virus.
According to its research, "Pregnant women were significantly more likely to be hospitalized, admitted to the intensive care unit, and receive mechanical ventilation than nonpregnant women; however, pregnant women were not at greater risk for death from COVID-19."
The CDC has also removed the age-specific warning for severe COVID-19 disease, saying that risk rises steadily as you increase in age and it's not just those over 65 who are at increased risk.
Australia starts virus testing blitz
Health workers fanned out across suburbs of Melbourne Friday in a testing blitz aimed at choking off a surge in coronavirus cases in Australia's second-biggest city.
Officials reported another 30 new COVID-19 infections in the city overnight in a continuing outbreak that has raised fears of a second wave in Australia, which looked like it had successfully contained the disease.
It was the 10th straight day of double-digit rises in new cases in Melbourne and surrounding Victoria state, while most other Australian regions have seen no or low single-digit new infections for weeks.
Some 200 soldiers were due to deploy to Melbourne over the weekend to help with the testing offensive in 10 suburb "hot spots", where officials are going door-to-door to track the virus.
The army initially announced plans to send up to 1,000 troops to Melbourne for the testing drive and to help guard locations where returning international travellers are held in mandatory two-week quarantine.
But the state government on Thursday reduced its request for military backup to around 200 troops for the testing effort, officials said.
Victoria Premier Daniel Andrews has set a goal of testing 100,000 people in 10 days in the targeted suburbs.
Some 20,000 tests were carried out in the first 24 hours of the effort, state Deputy Chief Health Officer Annaliese van Diemen said on Friday.
The Melbourne outbreak has rattled officials across Australia, with several states warning Victorians to stay away.
In neighbouring New South Wales, officials said they would bar Victorians from attending professional sporting events when they begin allowing fans next week -- a particularly stinging move in the sports-mad country.
Australia has recorded roughly 7,500 coronavirus cases and 104 deaths in a population of 25 million, with several regions believed to be effectively virus-free.
Mexico tops 25,000 deaths
Mexico has surpassed 25,000 COVID-19 deaths and 200,000 cases, the government said on Thursday.
Jose Luis Alomia, head of epidemiology at the health secretariat, said the country of 127 million had reached 25,060 deaths and 202,951 cases since reporting its first infection almost four months ago.
The first three cases were detected in the country on February 28 but it wasn't until the final week of March that the government suspended all but non-essential economic activity.
President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador's reluctance to take tougher measures earlier to halt the spread of the virus -- bucking a regional trend -- saw the socialist leader come under heavy criticism.
Despite new cases and deaths still rising, the government began gradually reopening the economy on June 1.
The capital Mexico City is still under a maximum lockdown, though. There have been more than 77,000 cases in the capital and its greater metropolitan region.
Mexico has recorded 159 cases per 100,000 people, according to government figures presented on Thursday.