Berrettini, 2021 runner-up, out of Wimbledon with Covid
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"I am heartbroken to announce that I need to withdraw from @wimbledon due to a positive COVID-19 test result," the 26-year-old Italian wrote on Instagram.
Berrettini was widely regarded as one of the biggest threats to defending champion Novak Djokovic at the All England Club, having captured back-to-back grass-court titles in Stuttgart and Queen's.
"I have had flu symptoms and been isolating the last few days," Berrettini said in his statement.
"Despite symptoms not being severe, I decided it was important to take another test this morning to protect the health and safety of my fellow competitors and everyone else involved in the tournament.
"I have no words to describe the extreme disappointment I feel. The dream is over for this year, but I will be back stronger."
Berrettini was a potential semi-final opponent of two-time champion Rafael Nadal.
Instead his place in the Wimbledon first round will be taken by Sweden's Elias Ymer, a lucky loser from qualifying.
Ymer will face Chile's Christian Garin later Tuesday in the first round.