Russia will work to 'normalise' Afghanistan: Putin
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"We are doing everything to normalise the situation (in Afghanistan) and we are trying to build relations with the political forces that control the situation," Putin said during talks with Tajikistan's President Emomali Rakhmon.
But their starting point was that Afghanistan's ethnic groups should take a full part in running the country, he added, in comments broadcast by Russian media.
"Here, you know best... what needs to be done to ensure that the situation in the region, in this zone where we have a common responsibility, is stable and threatens no one," he told Rakhmon.
This is Putin's first trip abroad since the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine on February 24.
Russia has a major military base in Tajikistan, one of its allies in the region.
Tajikistan as a 1,200-kilometre (750-mile) long border with Afghanistan and Tajik forces regularly clash with Afghan drug smugglers.
The return to power of the Taliban in Afghanistan last August has led some observers to fear that Tajikistan, the poorest of the former Soviet states, could be destabilised.
The country remains economically very dependent on Russia.