Palestinian leaders weigh delay of long-awaited vote
Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and blockaded Gaza Strip have voiced hope that the polls could help restore credibility in their political system and heal rifts.
Fatah, which controls the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority, reached an agreement with its long-standing rival Hamas, the Islamists who control Gaza, to hold legislative polls on May 22 and a presidential vote on July 31.
The official Wafa news agency said Thursday that PA president Mahmud Abbas, also Fatah's leader, would chair a meeting "tonight in Ramallah that includes all the political factions to discuss the latest with the elections and whether they should be held or cancelled".
Hamas said Wednesday it "rejects any attempt to postpone the elections".
Hamas won a surprise victory in the 2006 elections but it was not recognised by Abbas. The Islamists took power in Gaza the following year in a week of bloody clashes.
Abbas critics charge that he is seeking to buy time as Fatah's prospects have been threatened by splinter factions, including one led by Nasser al-Kidwa, a nephew of iconic Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, and another by a powerful, exiled former Fatah security chief Mohammed Dahlan.
"If Abbas delays elections, we will start with demonstrations," Daoud Abu Libdeh, a candidate with Dahlan's "Future" faction, told AFP in Jerusalem.
Palestinians insist on the right to hold elections in Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem, which Palestinians claim as the capital of their future state.
During the last Palestinian election, east Jerusalem residents cast ballots on the outskirts of the city and thousands voted in Jerusalem post offices, a symbolic move agreed to by Israel.
Israel, which now bans all Palestinian political activity across Jerusalem, has not commented on whether it would allow voting in the city.
In a meeting with EU diplomats this week, Israeli foreign ministry political director Alon Bar said elections were "an internal Palestinian issue, and that Israel has no intention of intervening in them nor preventing them".
Wafa quoted top Fatah official Mahmoud Aloul as saying that holding elections that excluded Jerusalem would be "treason".
Fatah does not want to be recorded in history as the Palestinian movement that allowed elections without voting in Jerusalem, Wafa reported Aloul as saying, describing the issue as one of political "sovereignty".
Palestinian journalist and Abbas critic Nadia Harhash, a candidate on the "Together We Can" electoral list, said using Jerusalem as an excuse for postponement "is definitely not a smart move for the PA".
Hamas said a delay amount to a surrender to "the (Israeli) occupation's veto".
Tensions in Jerusalem surged at the weekend as Palestinians clashed with Israeli police over the right to gather in an Old City plaza after evening Ramadan prayers.
Following several days of unrest that left dozens injured, Israeli police removed the barricades blocking the staired plaza at Damascus Gate, allowing Palestinians to resume their gatherings.
Hamas said such "heroic victories" should encourage Palestinians to press ahead with Jerusalem voting.
The elections are seen in part as a unified effort by Hamas and Fatah to bolster international faith in Palestinian governance ahead of possible renewed US-led diplomacy under President Joe Biden, after four years of Donald Trump that saw Washington endorse key Israeli objectives.
Harhash argued that Abbas had hoped the elections would allow Fatah and Hamas to continue sharing power, but felt threatened by the emergence of strong splinter factions and the rise of new political groups critical of his leadership.
The main challenges to Abbas include the "Freedom list" headed by Kidwa, which has been endorsed by Marwan Barghouti, who is serving multiple life sentences in Israel prison.
Dahlan, who poses another threat, has been credited with bringing coronavirus vaccines into Gaza and distributing financial aid across the enclave, as well as in the West Bank.