Defining moment for Facebook oversight panel with Trump ban ruling
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Facebook's independent oversight board was set for a momentous decision on the platform's ban of former US president Donald Trump, as debate swirls on the role of social media in curbing hateful and abusive speech while controlling political discourse.
The ruling set for release at 1300 GMT Wednesday is likely to be a defining moment for the leading social network's so-called "supreme court", envisioned by company founder Mark Zuckerberg to make thorny decisions on what to allow or remove from Facebook.
The oversight board, whose decisions are binding on Facebook and cannot be appealed, will decide whether to leave in place the Trump ban, or allow him back on the platform. It may also make related recommendations to the California-based social giant.
"This is a huge decision, it's getting a lot attention and deservedly so," said Daniel Kreiss, University of North Carolina professor and researcher specializing in politics and social media.
"This is significant for the global precedent it will set. If they uphold the ruling I think you will see more robust enforcement around the world."
The oversight panel, comprised of jurists, policy experts, journalists and others from around the world, will be making perhaps its most significant decision at a time when social platforms are struggling to remain open to political discourse while filtering out incitements to violence, misinformation and abusive comments.
Trump was suspended from Facebook after he posted a video during the deadly January 6 rampage at the US Capitol by his supporters in which he stated, "We love you, you're very special."
The US leader was banned permanently by Facebook the following day, and he was taken off other platforms including Twitter and YouTube.
Some analysts said Facebook and other social networks should have acted on Trump sooner, after years of giving him an exemption from rules on hateful content because of his "newsworthiness" as a political leader.
"He was using Facebook and other platforms to actively spread patently false content about electoral processes -- very effectively undermining US democracy."
Facebook itself referred the case to the oversight board, in line with its position that company executives should not be in the position of making key decisions on content and political speech. The panel has received more than 9,000 comments in the case.
But the move by Facebook and others has also drawn a torrent of criticism from Trump supporters, who argue that large tech platforms are biased and stifling opposing views.
And the ban has also sparked concern from others including German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who called Facebook's move "problematic," and from civil liberties activists.
Jameel Jaffer, executive director of Columbia University's Knight First Amendment Institute, said the issue is more complex than simply evaluating Trump's comments.
"I'm hopeful the board will use this case as an opportunity to put a spotlight on Facebook's decisions about the design of its platform," Jaffer said.
"These engineering decisions are often invisible, but they determine which speech proliferates on the platform, how quickly it spreads, who sees it, and in what context they see it."
In its submission to the board, the institute said Facebook should conduct "an independent study of how its platform may have contributed to the events of January 6" and that the panel should rule on Trump "only after the company has provided it with the results of that study."