Domestic tourism boom gives UK seaside new lease of life
People meander along the promenade in Blackpool, north west England.–AFP
Children clutching glow sticks shrieked with delight and onlookers gazed awestruck as Blackpool's Illuminations lights festival launched to a spectacular volley of fireworks from its 158-metre Victorian tower.
Expensive Covid tests, vaccine certification, quarantines and the UK government's ever-changing traffic-light system for international travel have made overseas trips less attractive and even inaccessible for British holidaymakers.
But the lifting of restrictions has helped domestic tourism, providing a boon to seaside resorts that were once Britons' favourite destinations before the advent of cheap overseas package holidays to warmer and sunnier climes.
- Rise, fall, revival? -
Blackpool, on the Irish Sea north of Liverpool and Manchester, embodies the rise and fall of the quintessential British seaside resort.
After the arrival of the railways, it became Britain's premier mass tourist destination in the 19th and 20th centuries for city dwellers to escape smog and enjoy bracing sea air and cheap entertainment.
But affordable air travel and holidays from the 1960s lured Britons overseas and knocked Blackpool off its perch. By 2008, it offered 40 percent fewer bed spaces than in 1987.
Once synonymous with leisure and pleasure, Blackpool became a byword for decline and poverty.
A 2019 UK government study found Blackpool had eight of England's 10 most deprived neighbourhoods.
And its historic dependence on tourism and hospitality meant the coronavirus pandemic dealt a devastating blow to the town's economy and vulnerable social groups.
Tourists thronged its promenade on Illuminations switch-on day earlier this month, to explore its tower, piers, theme park, beach, amusement arcades and shops selling fish and chips, ice cream and local sweet treat Blackpool rock.
Owen Wells, 23, a flamboyantly dressed welder, plumped for Blackpool instead of the hard-partying Spanish resort of Magaluf to celebrate his bachelor party.
"With Covid, it's been awkward. A lot of my friends haven't been vaccinated. It's where we can go where we don't have to isolate for two weeks," he told AFP.
Administrator Michelle Potter, 55, said she was a seasoned visitor to Spain, Turkey and Cyprus but this year opted to take her nine-year-old daughter to Blackpool.
"I couldn't be bothered with the hassle of going abroad and having to stick to restrictions. The UK is just as good," she added.
- Back on the map -
Rail and coach companies have recorded strong demand for other classic destinations such as Brighton and Bournemouth in southern England, and Scarborough in the north.
Blackpool restaurant owner Alex Lonorgan, 37, has enjoyed two busy summers in a row amid the hardship of three pandemic-enforced closures since March 2020.
"It's been amazing that so many families have had something different by having a UK holiday -- Blackpool is going to be back on everybody's map," he said.
Lockdowns were also tough for 18-year-old Alfie Hayden, a doughnut and sweets seller.
His shop had to shut on multiple occasions but the future seems brighter, even if trade has not reached pre-pandemic heights.
"We were losing a lot of sales and it wasn't very good. It is what it is," he said.
"This is the best place to come for a quick getaway and it's brought up our sales a lot."
- Great expectations -
Blackpool Council leader Lynn Williams said recent regeneration work was aiming to attract private investment and retain UK tourists who would usually holiday abroad.
Blackpool "has changed from when people came as a child and how it's portrayed. But we won't change in that we are a welcoming seaside resort," she added.
Vaccines may tame the pandemic across Europe and North America and facilitate international travel again, meaning the British seaside's revival could be a flash in the pan.
But Williams believes Blackpool's renaissance will be sustainable, as Britons rediscover attractions closer to home.
"The three piers and the tower -- no one else has that. To see the tower lit up in all its glory is a lovely sight," she said.
Lonorgan added: "A lot of people come religiously to Blackpool every year -- that group has grown.
"That should have a knock-on effect. The positive side of a very difficult 18 months for Blackpool is that people have seen how good it is. Long may it continue."