Japan's Princess Mako marries after years of controversy
Women in the imperial family cannot ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne, and lose their royal status when they marry a commoner.
Emperor Naruhito's 30-year-old niece Mako is no exception as she weds Kei Komuro, who is the same age and works for a US law firm.
Since announcing their engagement in 2017, the couple has faced tabloid scandals over reports his family had run into financial difficulties.
But after years of delays, the pair have finally married -- albeit with no wedding ceremony, reception banquet or any of the traditional elaborate rites -- opting to do so privately, away from a public that has not always been kind.
Japan’s Princess Mako visited three sanctuaries on the grounds of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo to report her marriage to her ancestors and offer prayers. pic.twitter.com/bKdZvp9pip— South China Morning Post (@SCMPNews) October 20, 2021
Mako has also turned down a large payment usually offered to royal women on their departure, reportedly up to 153 million yen ($1.35 million).
Japanese royals are held to exacting standards and Mako has developed complex post-traumatic stress disorder because of the media attention, according to the Imperial Household Agency.
A household official told AFP the marriage papers had been "filed and accepted" after TV footage showed her leaving the Akasaka Imperial Residence in the morning.
The princess, holding a small bouquet of pale pink flowers, bid farewell to her family -- bowing to her parents and the press, and hugging her sister.
Despite the negative press coverage and vicious online sniping, many Japanese say they support the marriage.
"The most important thing is that she is happy," said Tokyo resident Machiko Yoshimoto, in her 60s.
"Certainly, it would have been better to have a festive atmosphere, instead of this difficult situation, which is rather sad and regrettable," Shigehiro Hashimoto, 54, told AFP.
In a survey by the Yomiuri Shimbun daily, more than half of respondents said they thought the marriage was a good thing, against 33 percent who did not.
- Tabloid scandals -
When the pair got engaged, they were all bashful smiles as Komuro called Mako "the moon" quietly watching over him, and she compared his smile to the sun.
But while Japanese media initially fawned over Komuro, reports soon emerged that his mother had failed to repay a four-million-yen loan from a former fiance.
The couple postponed their marriage and he moved to New York for law school in 2018, a move seen as a bid to defuse negative attention.
Better video of Kako sama initiating a hug with older sister Mako sama as she leaves her home to start the next chapter in her life as a commoner. I hope she and Kei Komuro live happily ever after. #PrincessMako #royalwedding pic.twitter.com/9J7Jf78ZC7— 🌾Food Sake Tokyo🍙 (@YukariSakamoto) October 26, 2021
The recent graduate only returned to Japan last month, sporting a headline-grabbing ponytail.
Their reported plan to live in the US has drawn inevitable comparisons with another royal couple who have faced a media onslaught: Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
It is not clear if Mako will work once there, but she is well qualified, having studied art and cultural heritage at Tokyo's International Christian University. She also holds a Master's degree from Britain's University of Leicester.
Tuesday's muted proceedings stood in contrast to those of another royal to marry out of the family: Ayako, the youngest daughter of former emperor Akihito's late cousin.
At her wedding in 2018, she wore a crimson kimono robe for female aristocrats, with her hair swept back in a ponytail in a traditional style.
Japan’s Princess Mako registered her marriage today to her university sweetheart Kei Komuro, a 30-year-old commoner, without any of the traditional, festive rites. #小室眞子さん #marriage #LoveStory pic.twitter.com/q3pDD39tYb— 鳳凰網 Ifeng (@IFENG__official) October 26, 2021
The Japanese throne can pass only to male members of the family, and the children of female royals who marry commoners are not included.
There has been some debate over changing the rules, and a government panel in July compiled notes on the issue including a proposal that royal women stay in the family, even after marriage.
Although polls show the public broadly support women being allowed to rule, any change is likely to be slow, with traditionalists vehemently opposed.
The newlyweds are due to speak to reporters on Tuesday afternoon, but will give a statement and provide written answers to questions to make the experience less stressful for Mako, the household said.
Here are some things to know about what is considered the world's oldest monarchy:
Who are Japan's royals?
Mako is the niece of Emperor Naruhito, who came to the throne in 2019 after his father abdicated, beginning a new imperial era named "Reiwa".
The family has a myth-filled history dating back more than 2,600 years and is said to be descended from the legendary sun goddess Amaterasu.
While 61-year-old Naruhito holds no political power under Japan's post-war constitution, he is an important symbolic figurehead.
The emperor and empress host state visits and ritual ceremonies at the Imperial Palace, their main residence within vast grounds in the heart of Tokyo.
Why is Mako leaving?
The Imperial Household Law, in place since 1947, only allows male family members to ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne, while women lose their title if they wed a commoner.
This means Mako, 30, has left the royal family after marrying law graduate Komuro, four years after they first announced their engagement.
Mako's 15-year-old brother Hisahito is currently the only male heir to the throne other than their father, Crown Prince Akishino.
If Hisahito does not have a male child, the line of succession will be broken -- prompting some debate about changing the rules, with polls showing the Japanese public broadly support women being allowed to rule.
Although traditionalists are vehemently against the idea, Japan has had as many as eight empresses in the past.
The last one, Gosakuramachi, was on the throne about 250 years ago.
Why such a scandal?
The Japanese royal family faces huge pressure to conform to tradition and meet exacting standards of behaviour, with each move intensely scrutinised.
A furore erupted after tabloid reports alleged Komuro's mother had failed to repay a four-million-yen ($35,000) loan from a former fiance.
When the couple's union was finally announced earlier this month, the Imperial Household Agency said Mako was suffering complex PTSD because of the media coverage.
Mako and Komuro did not conduct traditional wedding rites and gave up the lump-sum payment usually made to women marrying out of the royal family, reportedly worth up to 153 million yen.
Has this happened before?
It is the first time in Japan's post-war history that a royal wedding took place with no elaborate rituals.
Other female royals have suffered from stress-related illnesses, especially after joining the family through marriage.
Mako's aunt Empress Masako, a former high-flying diplomat, has struggled for years, with some observers blaming the pressure of producing a male heir. The imperial couple have one daughter, Aiko, who is 19 years old.
And Michiko, wife to Naruhito's father Akihito and the first commoner to marry into the family, also faced criticism from hardliners and tabloid gossip, especially in the early years of their marriage.
She once lost her voice for months, and has also suffered stomach problems linked to stress.