Bloomberg News suspends work in Russia, CNN stops broadcasts
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"The change to the criminal code, which seems designed to turn any independent reporter into a criminal purely by association, makes it impossible to continue any semblance of normal journalism inside the country," Micklethwait said.
The moves came Russian lawmakers threatened to impose jail terms for publishing "fake news" about the Russian army, part of an effort to stifle dissent over Moscow's invasion of Ukraine.
"This legislation appears to criminalise the process of independent journalism," BBC Director-General Tim Davie said in a statement.
He warned that journalists could face "the risk of criminal prosecution simply for doing their jobs."